Responsible in particular for the smell of CBD flowers, terpenes are natural compounds that we will address the purpose and benefits Learn what terpenes in CBD products are and what different types of terpenes contribute to the overall benefits of Envy CBD’s potent and premium CBD products.
What are the terpenes used for in CBD?
We’re hearing more and more about CBD oil and how it’s being used by people suffering from a variety of health issues, including anxiety, insomnia, or illnesses like multiple sclerosis or fibromyalgia.
An important component of cannabis plants, and plants in general, that promotes this therapeutic aspect are terpenes. Terpenes, elements present in cannabis but not psychoactive like CBD, offer impressive health benefits.
In the botanical field, terpenes are a defense system to prevent plants from being eaten by herbivores or damaged by high temperatures. They also attract pollinators such as bees
For humans, different terpenes have different effects and health benefits. Every plant has a unique blend of terpenes and every human will react to them differently.
In this article, we will find out what exactly terpenes are and why they are so important. Finally, we will look at the most well-known terpenes, their benefits and their use
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are volatile compounds found in plants and responsible for their aromas. We encounter terpenes every time we smell a flower or taste fresh fruit. They are all around us.
The purpose of terpenes is to protect the plant they inhabit, while giving it a unique aromatic specificity. Terpenes are one of the reasons why there is such a wide variety of cannabis plants, with different tastes and aromas. Some terpenes are very powerful and can have therapeutic functions.
There are several hundred different terpenes in the world, and more than 200 have been identified in cannabis plants. There are surely many more to be discovered. However, only a few terpenes in industrial hemp are concentrated enough to be considered significant. We will detail some of them in this article
Terpenes in CBD oil
In order to understand their usefulness in CBD oil, we must first differentiate between terpenes and terpenoids. Terpenes are the natural compounds in the flower or bud of the cannabis plant. Terpenoids, on the other hand, are terpenes that have been chemically modified. The process of drying and hardening a cannabis flower leads to the formation of terpenoids.
For example, Full Spectrum CBD oil will contain terpenes because the entire cannabis plant is used in its production. On the contrary, CBD isolate will not have any because it is pure CBD. Many of the plant’s natural components are lost during production, including other cannabinoids and terpenes. To remedy this, some manufacturers add terpenoids to supposedly enhance the effects of CBD.
Scientists have been studying the properties of terpenes for some time now and have come to an important conclusion. Hemp cannabinoids (like CBD) work more effectively in the presence of terpenes, rather than when isolated on their own.
This suggests that full spectrum CBD products would be more effective in a physiological sense. More studies need to be conducted to better understand the full spectrum of CBD and the benefits of terpenes on the body. So if you’re looking for a CBD oil that contains a range of beneficial and natural terpenes, you’ll opt for a full spectrum product
You can find high quality Full Spectrum Premium CBD on our 321 CBD French store.
The benefits of terpenes in CBD
Terpenes are very important in cannabis because not only can they tailor the experience of CBD oil users, but they can also enhance the effects of the main cannabinoids. Many users find CBD oil with terpenes more beneficial than a distillate or isolate product.
Also, each terpene has its own set of benefits. For example, oils high in linalool and myrcene, two terpenes known for their mild and relaxing properties, are effective for sleep. CBD oils with terpenes like limonene and caryophyllene can be used to help provide energy and increased levels of concentration
Terpenes therefore offer incredible therapeutic functions: anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, analgesic, antimicrobial etc. It is impossible to list all terpenes and their benefits in one article. However, we can distinguish the most well-known ones and their benefits.
The 5 terpenes to know in CBD
Myrcene terpenes are among the most common terpenes associated with hemp. They have a rich, earthy, herbal scent. Although it is the smallest terpene in cannabis, it can produce powerful relaxing effects on the body, leading to feelings of drowsiness. As for its health benefits, Myrcene has antibacterial and analgesic properties.
Another very common terpene in hemp is Linalool. It is a compound that has a floral and delicate aroma, common to many plant species (including lavender). As for the effects of terpene Linalool, some brands add it to their topical product line for its lovely scent, which is commonly used in aromatherapy. Linalool works effectively on sleep and anxiety.
The terpene Limonene is commonly found in the peels of citrus fruits, especially lemons. It is also a crucial terpene in many hemp extract products, and adds a wonderful boost in terms of the flavor and aroma profile of a CBD oil. Limonene is known to have antifungal properties. It can also improve mood, reduce inflammation and curb anxiety. Adding Limonene to CBD oil can increase the absorption rate of other terpenes.
Pinene terpenes are found in pine needles. But they are also found in several distinct strains of hemp. Pinene is also found in a number of conifers, as well as in some citrus fruits. It has a distinct aroma, and its presence is immediately recognizable in a variety of CBD products. It has been mentioned in traditional Chinese medicine for its therapeutic qualities. It can be used as an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and bronchodilator.
One of the most abundant terpenes of all, Caryophyllene is found in cloves, cinnamon and black pepper, as well as in hemp. It offers a woody, spicy aroma. The most intriguing feature of this terpene is its ability to interact with the endocannabinoid system in the same way as cannabinoids. In addition, it can produce analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.
How to choose your CBD oil with terpenes?
When choosing your CBD oil, first make sure that the product has been tested by a laboratory and has a valid certificate of analysis. This will give you a better chance of knowing if it contains terpenes, and if so which ones.
The CA or CoA is a certificate of analysis that includes a phytocannabinoid profile listing the levels of CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids, as well as the terpenes in the product. It is the most important tool for determining the quality and purity of a CBD product
Overall, it’s clear that terpenes are essential not only in hemp, but also in a countless variety of plants and their essential oil extracts. Terpenes can give an extra boost to any hemp product. To check out our terpene-rich product lines, visit our French CBD store.
UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF TERPENES IN CBD PRODUCTS
It doesn’t matter if you are new to the industry or consider yourself a veteran. The CBD world is evolving quickly, which means things change fast. So there is always something new to learn. If you’ve been around the CBD world for some time, you’ve probably heard the term terpenes get tossed around at some point or another. There is a positive connotation with the word terpenes, which seems to indicate that the existence of these so-called terpenes is a good thing. But what are terpenes in CBD?
Even if you have not heard of their name, you’ve come across them before. Terpenes are found everywhere and are more common than you might realize. Whether you’ve seen it listed as an ingredient on your CBD oil or a beauty product, it is almost everywhere. So today, we will talk about the different types of terpenes and their role in broad spectrum CBD.
WHAT IS BROAD SPECTRUM CBD?
We are going to start simple with what broad spectrum CBD is. Broad spectrum products are the ones that contain all the components of the hemp plant, except THC. These products are similar to broad spectrum CBD, which contain all the cannabinoids including THC, but they lack the psychoactive cannabinoid THC. Unlike traditional pharmaceutical companies that prefer to extract a single compound for drug development, we lean towards broad spectrum CBD to ensure we reap the benefits of the entire plant.
When we use the whole plant, other phytocannabinoids and terpenes are in the CBD product too. This distinction is crucial since CBD is just one of the hundreds of cannabinoids found within cannabis and hemp plants. Broad spectrum CBD is more beneficial than an isolate because the plant components amplify each other’s therapeutic benefits. Hence they achieve something known as the entourage effect. We’ll come back to this shortly.
WHAT ARE TERPENES IN CBD?
So we know what broad spectrum CBD is. What are these terpenes that it contains? At a high level, terpenes are the aromatic, volatile compounds found in plants (not just CBD products). Whenever you smell flowers or fresh fruit, you are experiencing different types of terpenes at work. It may not be obvious, but terpenes surround us in our daily lives.
When it comes to cannabis, terpenes are the compounds that give the plant its individual, unique smell. Many don’t realize that THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids have no odor. So the fragrance comes from whichever terpenes are present. The terpenes in CBD products with THC are what produce the specific flavors.
Terpenes serve a more significant function than simply creating aroma or taste. Scientists believe they have additional beneficial properties. The existence of terpenes is not a new thing. And scientists who have been studying terpenes for a while have been led to believe specific terpenes could have different therapeutic effects. Several researchers have made notes of the role terpenes could play in aromatherapy, a holistic healing practice.
Now, a plant can have a large variety of different terpenes. When it comes to cannabis, there are maybe 200 various types of terpenes in the plant. But only a select handful of them appear in substantial amounts.
WHAT ARE THE ROLES OF TERPENES IN CBD PRODUCTS & PLANTS?
Think about all the different herbs and flowers we encounter with their distinct aromas and properties, from lavender to orange blossoms to rosemary–they are all brimming with terpenes. They have components that can make us feel good as well. For example, lavender has a calming effect. We can use orange blossom as a nerve tonic. And rosemary has long been known to be beneficial for the respiratory system. What might be surprising is that all of these terpenes are also in hemp.
Due to their healing properties, terpenes have long been the subject of scientific research. Dr. Ethan Russo was the researcher who ultimately described what the roles of terpenes in CBD are.
His paper coined the phrase the entourage effect. When it comes to hemp and CBD oil, we are not interested in all the individual properties of the various types of terpenes. Especially since the hemp plant itself has over 400 active compounds. Instead, we are interested in what all the components have to offer together. While modern medicine may favor the single extraction of compounds for drugs, whole plant extracts provide more benefits.
The blend of various compounds and substances creates this synergy that amplifies the overall effects, otherwise known as the entourage effect.
TYPES OF TERPENES
So now that we know what terpenes in CBD are and how they can help create the entourage effect, it is time to talk about the different types of terpenes and their benefits. Almost all our products contain trace amounts and sometimes, large amounts of terpenes. It’s crucial to understand what those individual terpenes are and what they add to the CBD products.
Much like its name suggests, pinene exists in pine needles, other conifers, sage, rosemary, and some citrus fruits. The aroma can be sharp and sweet. In aromatherapy, pinene can affect memory retention and alertness. Its therapeutic benefits include its use as an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agent.
Linalool is one of the terpenes in CBD with a delicate and floral aroma. It is present in lavender, rosewood, citrus, laurel, and birch. Many brands add linalool to their beauty products or topicals because of the pleasant scent. Linalool can have calming effects in aromatherapy as a sleep aid or anti-anxiety ingredient. It can also help with stress, depression, pain, and even convulsions.
When it comes to cannabis, the myrcene terpene is one of the most common terpenes in CBD to be brought up. It has a musky, earthy, and herbal aroma that people associate with cannabis. Although it is the smallest terpene, myrcene has powerful effects on the body. It also creates a drowsy, sleepy effect by making people feel tired. Outside of hemp and cannabis, it is present in mango, thyme, lemongrass, and bay leaves. Myrcene can have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antimicrobial, and antifungal effects.
Limonene is another type of terpene that is named accordingly. This terpene exists in citrus fruits, and it has the aroma of lemons. It is a mood booster terpene in CBD with the potential to alleviate emotional turbulence and provide general stress relief. As far as other therapeutic or medical properties, it is known to be an antifungal and anti-inflammatory agent. It can be helpful for anxiety, depression, and gastric reflux.
Now, what’s particularly interesting about limonene is the role it plays in CBD. It is a very important terpene because it expedites the absorption rate of other terpenes.
Caryophyllene is abundant in cloves, cinnamon, basil, oregano, and black pepper. It has a spicy, woody, or pepper-like aroma. The caryophyllene terpene in CBD is unique because it doesn’t have evident physical effects. Although, it has shown potential in helping with insomnia, muscle spasms, and pain. What sets it apart from other types of terpenes is that it may have the potential to interact with the endocannabinoid system, similar to cannabinoids.
Humulene is another common terpene in CBD that is also present in hops and coriander and has an earthy and woody scent. This terpene can act as an appetite suppressant and an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agent.
LAB REPORTS & TERPENE CONTENT
An oversimplified way to think of terpenes is to think of them as essential oils. Hemp and cannabis plants have specific tastes and aromas due to the presence of their terpenes. And much like there are essential oils for everything, terpenes can also provide specific physical effects such as a calming sensation or help with alertness.
Not all labs test to know if there are terpenes in their CBD products. So they may not show in the lab reports or Certificates of Analysis. However, that does not mean they are not present. If you are ever concerned about the terpenes present in a product or do not see them listed in the COA, reach out to the company or brand directly.
At Envy CBD, almost all our products contain trace amounts of various types of terpenes because we prefer to lean towards creating broad spectrum CBD products. All our lab reports are made readily available, and we are more than happy to answer any questions you may have. Below is a breakdown of the terpene content for a few of our product categories.
To summarize what terpenes are in CBD products, we can point to the different roles they play. Because of their healing properties and distinct aromas, terpenes have several therapeutic uses, especially in aromatherapy. Broad spectrum CBD means that all of the terpenes and cannabinoids of the whole plant stay intact during processing. And this impacts how the body receives CBD.
Unlike in modern medicine, where they favor a single extract of a compound for the production of pharmaceutical drugs, broad spectrum CBD uses a combination of terpenes and various cannabinoids. The synergy between different substances working together creates the entourage effect. CBD isolate products cannot achieve this effect. And that is a big reason why Envy CBD leans heavily towards broad spectrum CBD products.
Plants contain hundreds and hundreds of different types of terpenes responsible for their aromas. Cannabis and hemp plants are no exception. While there are around 200 terpenes in the cannabis plant, there is only a handful that has significant amounts to be noticeable. Each terpene in CBD has different physical effects and medical properties with the potential to enhance the product. In other words, it works together to provide multiplied perks.
Whether or not you knew what terpenes were in CBD, it is more than likely that you’ve encountered them at various points throughout your life. Many of the scents we recognize, such as citrus, lavender, rosewood, sage, and so on, are the result of terpenes at work. We’re already very familiar with the benefits of some of these herbs and plants, so it is no surprise that the terpenes from these extracts also have similar benefits.
The most common types of terpenes in broad spectrum CBD are pinene, linalool, myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, and humulene. Pinene at a high level is great for memory retention, alertness, and asthma. Linalool is recognized for its association with lavender and has calming benefits for anxiety and depression. Myrcene creates a musky and dank aroma that has come to be associated with cannabis. Limonene helps increase the absorption rate of other terpenes. Caryophyllene helps with insomnia, and humulene is an appetite suppressant.
THE BOTTOM LINE
Terpenes in CBD have much more to offer than just providing a distinct taste or smell. It is not common knowledge that terpenes have so many natural uses. Much like essential oils, there is likely a terpene for everything. While you can use CBD isolates on their own, the interaction of all the hemp compounds in broad spectrum CBD offers better overall benefits. When the terpenes interact with the other substances present, their properties are magnified, creating a better experience for the user.
An easy way to think about terpenes is to think about them the way you would with essential oils. While they are not the complete story, they add an extra layer to the CBD experience. Various types of terpenes have different properties, and everyone has a different preference for aromas or scents. While not all labs test for terpene content in their CBD products, this doesn’t mean they are not present. The next time you are looking for a CBD product to address specific pain points or needs, consider products that contain terpenes that may directly impact those needs.
We encourage all of our customers to do research and due diligence before making any CBD purchase. Reputable brands will always provide Certificates of Analysis that break down the exact contents. Envy CBD is proud to be a premium provider of potent and organic CBD products. See some of our CBD tinctures below, or visit our shop to choose from our vast collection of premium CBD products.
CBD TINCTURE OIL – DOUBLE APPLE
This CBD-infused tincture oil has the crisp, sweet, and ultra-satisfying flavor of green & red apples. It makes wellness a necessary and tasty part of life.
cbd tincture oil – orange
This CBD-infused tincture oil features an incredible orange flavor, complete with zesty overtones and saccharine undertones. It provides a tasty alternative to achieving overall wellness.
CBD TINCTURE OIL – strawberry watermelon
This CBD-infused tincture oil pairs the flavor of freshly-picked California strawberries with plump, juicy, and succulent watermelons. It helps you achieve total relaxation on a sweet note!