Aggression among cats is a common problem many pet owners face. Read about CBD oils and how it may help manage your pet's health and aggressive nature. CBD’s anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, & pain-relieving properties may help improve a cat’s well-being and health conditions, preventing aggressive behavior.
Compare the Best CBD Oil for Cat Aggression in 2022
CBD for dogs, cats and other four-legged friends! Our product is concentrated to approximately 60mg cannabinoids per milliliter of oil. While this product is designed for pets, it’s great for humans, too.
2. Honest Paws Wellness Oil for Cats
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Made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp
Available in the US only
30-day money-back guarantee
Limited information on the company
Free shipping for orders over $49.95
Expedited delivery option is available
Product is organic full-spectrum hemp oils are free of GMOs, soy, corn and other contaminants. It is third-party tested for purity and potency. designed to relieve joint pains and stiffness associated with strenuous activities, natural aging, or conditions such as arthritis.
3. 4 Corners Cannabis Pet Tincture
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Has a wide variety of CBD strengths
A bit expensive
Free shipping on $100 and up
Incomplete lab test results
4 Corners Cannabis Pet Tinctures are generous on their options since there are different sizes and strengths available for you exact needs. The flavor peanut butter is available perfect for pets who are picky when it comes to eating.
4. HolistaPet Full Spectrum CBD Oil for Dogs and Cats
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A little bit pricey compared to other brands
Formulated specifically for Pets
Organic Superfoods +CBD
HolistaPet CBD Oil only use all-natural, non-GMO organic & vegan ingredients and never put any wheat, animal by-products, cornmeal, artificial flavors or colors in any of the products.
5. CBDistillery CBD Pet Tincture
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60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee
Dropper is a bit shaky
Hemp seed oil is safe for pets and aids in easy digestion
Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
CBDistillery’s Full Spectrum CBD Oil Pet Tinctures were made with your pets in mind. Formulated with cold-pressed hemp seed oil, your pets can now enjoy all of the same benefits of CBD that you do.
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How CBD May Help With Cat Aggression
Cannabidiol or CBD is a cannabis compound purported to have anti-inflammatory , anxiolytic (anxiety-reducing) , anti-nausea, and anti-epileptic properties (1) .
CBD works by engaging the cannabinoid receptors of your pet’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). This interaction may help bring CBD’s therapeutic benefits to your furry friends (2) .
Studies are ongoing to determine the potential effectiveness of CBD in relieving pain, managing dog and cat anxiety , and controlling epilepsy in pets (3) . These adverse conditions may be observed in cats with aggression (4) .
A slight difference between the ECS of humans and animals is that animals are more sensitive to tetrahydrocannabinol or THC . Higher THC consumption may cause toxicity in pets (5) .
Benefits and Uses of CBD for Cat Aggression
Some of the primary health benefits of CBD for your pet include (6) :
- Pain relief
Aggressive cats may display anxious behavior , especially when making a defensive posture (7) . CBD may work for anxious pets due to its anxiolytic properties (8) .
Cats with anxiety may also become nauseous and start vomiting (9) . CBD’s anti-nausea effects may help your cat feel slightly better, which is helpful for situations such as getting your pet to ride the car (10) .
CBD Dosage to Help With Cat Aggression
The Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) at present has not approved a standard dosage guide for aggression in cats.
One dosage suggestion is to start with a low-end dose of 0.05 milligrams (mg) of CBD per pound (lb) of the pet’s body weight twice a day. A mid-range dose is about 0.125 mg of CBD per pound twice daily, while a high-end dose is 0.25mg/lb twice daily (11) .
How to Administer CBD Oil to Cats
Different types of CBD products may be administered to your feline friend in the following ways (12) :
- Edibles, such as biscuits, chews , and pet treats
- CBD tinctures and oils added to regular pet food
- Topicals , such as sprays, butter , and salves
Cat owners may use CBD oil on their pets based on their preferred product type or delivery method.
Edible cat treats are administered orally and may be a convenient way to give CBD to your pet s , especially if they are picky eaters (13) .
CBD capsules are also ingested orally, allowing CBD to pass through the cat’s digestive tract before getting absorbed in to the body. Alternatively, CBD capsules may be administered by pouring their contents onto the cat’s food .
Tinctures are delivered sublingually or under the tongue. These oil tinctures usually come with a dropper for convenient CBD dosage control and administration to cats.
CBD tinctures are often mixed with a carrier oil such as medium-chain triglycerides or MCT oil , hempseed oil , or coconut oil to dilute the CBD concentrate.
Hempseed oil is typically extracted from hemp seeds and is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids and protein. However, hempseed oil does not contain CBD (14) .
CBD topicals are applied to the cat’s skin and may be viable for managing sore joints and skin conditions (15) . Some topicals for pets include creams, massage oils, and balms.
How Long Does CBD Take to Help With Cat Aggression ?
At present, no extensive studies have been conducted to determine CBD onset times in aggressive cats.
Factors such as dosage, administration method, and the cat’s size and weight may influence the drug’s onset times.
Sublingual administration using oil tinctures allows CBD to directly enter the cat’s bloodstream. This method bypasses the pet’s gastrointestinal tract and may result in faster onset times than other delivery methods.
Oral ingestion using edibles or capsules allows CBD to pass through the digestive tract and be broken down in the liver. This administration method may take a longer time to take effect.
Topical application s using creams or lotions may start taking effect depending on the condition of the cat’s skin. Topicals typically do not get absorbed into the bloodstream and are usually used for localized relief of joint pains and other skin conditions (16) .
How Long Will CBD Help With Cat Aggression ?
No conclusive studies regarding cannabinoid efficacy on cats have been published.
However, a 2019 study suggested that CBD’s half-life for a dose of 2mg of CBD per kilogram of a cat’s body weight is about 1.5 hours (17) .
Half-life is the time a drug or medication takes until its effectiveness is reduced to 50%.
More clinical trials are needed to conclusively determine how long CBD’s effects in cats last .
Side Effects and Risks of Using CBD for Cat Aggression
CBD appears to have no significant adverse effects on animals unless a high amount of CBD is administered (18) .
Common side effects observed in pets that ingested CBD include lethargy, vomiting, lack of appetite, and diarrhea. Ataxia can also occasionally occur when pets take high CBD doses (19) .
Ataxia is a condition characterized by abnormal or unsteady gait or walking pace.
Is CBD Oil Safe for Cats?
There is insufficient scientific information to date regarding the safety of using CBD oil for cat aggression .
However, CBD may cause cannabis intoxication in pets, especially when CBD products with high THC concentrations are used (20) . Caution is advised when administering high CBD doses to pets.
Cannabis intoxication may cause other side effects like hyperactivity, pupil dilation, excessive drooling or vomiting, disorientation, urinary incontinence, and seizures (21) .
Additionally, human-grade CBD products may have a different formulation than pet CBD products and thus, may not be suitable for cats.
Any treatment or medication has some level of risk or side effects . Pet owners are advised to initiate a conversation with a veterinarian before purchasing CBD products for their cats’ wellness .
Be advised that current federal law prohibits veterinarians from prescribing, administering, or recommending cannabis products for animals (22) .
Review your state’s laws to determine if your vet is legally permitted to prescribe or recommend CBD products for your cat.
Choosing the Best CBD Oil for Cats
When looking for the highest- quality product that may work best for your pet, c onsider the extraction method, product category, laboratory analysis, and your pet’s preferences.
CBD suppliers use various processes such as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), ethanol, or hydrocarbon extraction to extract hemp oil containing CBD from the cannabis plant .
In CO 2 extraction, manufacturers use liquified CO 2 , which acts as a solvent for extracting CBD and other compounds from the hemp plant (23) .
Ethanol extraction is a centuries-old practice among many cultures for extracting medicinal compounds from the cannabis plant . CBD oil extracted using this method may have trace amounts of THC present (24) .
Hydrocarbon extraction involves solvents like butane or propane for CBD extraction . Suppliers must remove all hydrocarbons from the hemp extract so the product will not cause adverse health issues (25) .
After CBD oil is extracted, manufacturers can classify it as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum , or isolates.
Broad-spectrum CBD products usually do not contain THC . However, they have most of the other compounds and cannabinoids in the cannabis plant .
CBD isolates are made of pure CBD only. THC and other cannabinoids and compounds are not included in these products.
Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the cannabinoids and compounds in broad-spectrum products . However, full-spectrum CBD includes THC .
However, THC may cause mild sedation, hyperesthesia, urinary incontinence, or ataxia in pets (26) . Thus, you may want to c onsider THC-free alternatives like isolates or broad-spectrum CBD products for your pet.
Some of the compounds in full-spectrum CBD products include flavonoids and terpenes . Flavonoids are plant chemicals containing antioxidant properties, while terpenes give plants their distinct aroma.
Reputable CBD brands selling pet CBD oil products usually provide certificates of analysis (COAs) on their websites.
COAs are third-party lab test results that contain the CBD product ’s actual cannabinoid content.
The COA may also reveal whether the product contains pesticides , heavy metals, and other contaminants detected through third-party testing.
Credible CBD products usually have COA results that match the product label details. COAs are also updated regularly to ensure that you can access the product’s most recent lab results .
When choosing high-quality CBD products , consider CBD oil made from organic hemp extract . Organic hemp is produced without chemical pesticides , fertilizers, or preservatives .
In the USA , some states, such as Kentucky, Colorado , and Montana, are authorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to grow hemp (27) .
If the CBD product you purchased is not made from organically grown hemp , consider purchasing one free of pesticides , heavy metals, and solvents. You may review the COA to know if the product contains such contaminants.
Some pet owners may also prefer gluten-free and non-GMO CBD pet products. Others may also choose CBD treats containing natural ingredients for their pet cat .
Some CBD suppliers may also provide subscription offers like shipping discounts or money-back guarantees if the product falls below your expectations.
Legality of CBD
At present, the FDA does not endorse cannabis for cats. Without sufficient and conclusive scientific data, the agency cannot guarantee the efficacy and safety of cannabis products on animals (28) .
CBD consumption among humans is legal on a federal level. However, there may be different restriction levels per state for CBD use in cats.
Before purchasing CBD products for pets, review your state laws to determine if CBD is legal for your feline companion.
What Is Aggression in Cats?
Aggression is among the most common feline issues, according to animal behaviorists (29) . It is characterized by harmful behavior toward humans or other animals.
Some reasons animals become aggressive include defending their territories, guarding their offspring, or protecting themselves from attackers (30) .
Existing medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism, epilepsy, arthritis, rabies, and cognitive dysfunction can also contribute to cat aggression (31) .
If you suspect your cat’s behavior or medical condition indicates aggression, consider bringing your pet to a veterinarian for diagnosis.
How can CBD help with cat aggression?
CBD engages the cannabinoid receptors of your pet’s ECS. This interaction helps bring CBD’s therapeutic benefits to your pets (32) .
These purported benefits include anti-inflammatory , anti-nausea, anxiolytic, and anti-epileptic effects. Other benefits include pain relief and neuroprotection (33) .
What evidence or research exists to say that CBD helps with cat aggression?
There is currently no conclusive evidence that CBD may help manage cat aggression .
Some sources suggest that CBD may work for anxious pets due to its anti-anxiety effects (34) . CBD’s anti-nausea properties may also work to make your cat feel better.
Aggressive cats may experience anxiety, pain, or epilepsy (35) . Research is ongoing to know more about CBD’s potential to manage these symptoms in pets.
Is there any evidence that CBD can make cat aggression worse?
There are currently no formal studies specific to how CBD worsens cat aggression .
However, CBD does not seem to cause adverse effects i n pets unless they are given extremely high CBD doses (36) .
Side effects of CBD intake among pets include vomiting, lack of appetite, lethargy, diarrhea, and ataxia (37) . Ataxia happens when a pet has an unsteady walking pace or gait.
Will CBD interact with any current medication my cat is taking for aggression?
CBD may inhibit the action of the cytochrome P450 enzymes, which are necessary for metabolizing drugs in the pet’s body. This interaction may interfere with or reduce the effects of other medications for pets (38) .
Pet owners are advised to consult a veterinarian before giving CBD to their pets alongside other medications.
Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help with cat aggression?
For other cat aggression remedies, initiate a conversation with your veterinarian about potential treatment methods your pet may take together with CBD.
If aggression is caused by a medical issue with your cat, working with a veterinarian may be a better option to improve your cat’s condition.
What is the dosage of CBD for cat aggression?
The FDA has not issued a CBD dosage guide for cat aggression .
One source recommends starting with a low-end CBD dose of 0.05mg/lb twice a day, then moving up to a mid-range dose of 0.125mg of CBD per pound of the pet’s body weight twice daily or a high-end dose of 0.25mg/lb twice daily (39) .
What are the side effects of using CBD for cat aggression?
One study conducted on cats suggested that CBD oils containing THC may lead to the frequent occurrence of ataxia, lethargy, hypothermia, or protrusion of the cat’s third eyelid (40) .
Other reported side effects in pets after ingesting CBD include lethargy, appetite loss, diarrhea, and vomiting (41) .
Using CBD with high THC concentrations on pets can cause cannabis intoxication. Symptoms include pupil dilation, hyperactivity, excessive drooling or vomiting, urinary incontinence, disorientation, and seizures (42) .
How do you administer CBD oil for cat aggression?
You may administer CBD to your pet using the following methods (43) :
- Orally, using capsules or edibles like chews and pet treats
- Sublingually, using CBD tinctures
- Topically, using salves, sprays, and butte r
How long does CBD oil take before it works for cat aggression?
No conclusive studies regarding CBD onset times in aggressive cats have been conducted at present.
Factors influencing the drug’s onset times include the administration method, cat’s size and weight, and dosage.
Will CBD oil make my cat high?
CBD is not psychoactive and appears safe for use i n pets (44) . However, some CBD products , especially ones containing THC , may cause THC toxicity in pets (45) .
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State laws may have varying restriction levels regarding the legality of CBD consumption for cats.
Check the product label and review your state laws before purchasing CBD products for pets to determine if using CBD for your pet cat is legal.
CBD for Cat Aggression – August 2022
Why Cat Owners Are Turning to CBD Oil for Cat Aggression
CBD’s therapeutic potential could be the reason that most veterinarians and pet owners are considering CBD for their feline friends.
They are interested to see whether the similar benefits of CBD oil might help improve their cat’s health and well-being.
Aggression, a common behavioral problem in cats, is a hostile or violent behavior exhibited to take control or intimidate a person, another cat, or other animals (6 ) .
According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), in pet cats, aggressive behavior can vary.
The display of behavior can range from cats hissing and avoiding the target of their aggression to cats attacking the person or animal that triggered the behavior (7 ) .
The ASPCA believes that a medical diagnostic examination is necessary for all aggressive cats. Some cats behave aggressively due to an underlying medical condition or complication.
Certain medications can alter mood and affect a cat’s susceptibility to aggression. Even diet has been implicated as a potential contributing factor (8 ) .
Once a medical problem is diagnosed, it is crucial to work closely with a veterinarian to provide the cat with the best chance at improving its condition.
All mammals, including humans and animals, like dogs and cats, have an endocannabinoid system (ECS), which functions similarly (9 ) .
The ECS maintains homeostasis (balance) between a wide range of bodily functions, ensuring that all systems work accordingly.
With studies highlighting CBD’s many potential therapeutic benefits, the possibility that it would work in cats is worth exploring.
Treating any underlying health issues that could be causing the aggressive behavior can help improve a cat’s well-being and prevent aggression.
CBD may help with the following medical conditions or symptoms that have been found to cause aggressive behavior in cats.
CBD and Pain-Induced Aggression
Cats experiencing pain are aggressive toward other people or pets to avoid being touched, having to move or be moved, or doing activities that might intensify the pain (10 ) .
Painful conditions include feline dental disease, arthritis , and lower urinary tract disease (11 ) .
Cats with osteoarthritis, for example, would respond aggressively to having their joints handled. They may hiss, bite, or scratch to show their resentment to being touched.
In some cases, cats would continue to act aggressively even after the cause of the pain has healed (12 ) .
When touched on the once-painful body part, they would still respond with aggression, probably to avoid experiencing pain again.
Owners can help manage their feline friend’s pain-induced aggression by being careful in touching their pet, avoiding painful areas.
Another way to avoid this type of aggression is by working with a veterinarian to develop a therapy for pain control.
Medications may help ease the pain but only when used in combination with behavioral or environmental changes (13 ) . However, most pharmaceuticals bring about adverse side effects in cats.
Meanwhile, ongoing preclinical studies in animals demonstrate that CBD helps reduce pain and inflammation, according to Kevin Boehnke, Ph.D. (14) .
Dr. Boehnke is a research investigator in the department of anesthesiology and the Michigan Medicine Chronic Pain and Fatigue Research Center .
A study in the European Journal of Pharmacology examined CBD’s therapeutic potential on neuropathic (nerve constriction) and inflammatory pain in rats (15 ) .
The results indicated a promising potential for the therapeutic use of CBD oil in chronic painful states.
Some patients actively promote herbal cannabis to treat any type of chronic pain, say researchers of a study in Cochrane Systematic Review (16 ) .
According to the study, there are potential benefits of cannabis‐based medicine in chronic neuropathic pain.
Cannabis‐based medicines include cannabis (marijuana) from the cannabis plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), or a combination of THC and CBD in a spray.
However, researchers are afraid the potential risks may outweigh the benefits given the very low-quality evidence and sample size.
The studies mentioned were not conducted on cats. However, the endocannabinoid system is present and similar in both cats and humans.
Thus, the benefits of CBD to a human’s well-being may be similar to the benefits that cats and other animals experience when using CBD oil.
Owners who would like to try CBD for their cat’s pain relief should first consult with a veterinarian.
CBD and Inflammation in Cats
Many feline diseases are caused by or linked to an inflammation of a specific organ or body part.
According to an article by Harvard Health, studies show that chronic inflammation, in general, may be the common cause of many diseases (17 ) .
It is not only acute painful conditions that can increase irritability and aggression in cats. Certain conditions in cats, such as orthopedic problems, thyroid issues, adrenal dysfunction, cognitive problems, neurological disorders, and sensory deficits, can also increase aggression (18 ) .
Most of the symptoms of these diseases are associated with inflammation. Treating the inflammation may help reduce or prevent aggression in cats.
Meanwhile, in several human and animal studies, CBD has been shown to help reduce inflammation.
One study in the European Journal of Neuroscience used mouse models to show that CBD might help minimize inflammation (19 ) .
There may be other causes for a disease. However, mounting evidence suggests a common underlying culprit in major degenerative diseases, like coronary artery disease, diabetes, cancer , and Alzheimer’s disease, may be inflammation (20 ) .
To eliminate the possibility that an underlying health problem is causing a cat’s aggressive behavior, responsible cat owners bring their feline friend to a veterinarian for a diagnosis.
Meanwhile, CBD may help with inflammation. A 2017 study in Pain journal examined how CBD might help with inflammation in rat models of osteoarthritis (21 ) . Results showed that CBD helped reduce joint inflammation and nerve damage.
In another study, conducted on rat models by the University of Kentucky, results showed CBD lessened inflammation and overall pain (22 ) .
CBD’s anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties may also be beneficial to felines given how the ECS works in the same way among all mammals.
CBD for Stress and Anxiety
A review in the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery says stress increases the risk of cats showing some forms of aggression, including redirected aggression (23 ) .
Redirected aggression is a common type of aggression in cats. It happens when the cat attacks another person or object other than the one that caused the aggressive behavior (24 ) .
Cats use redirected aggression as a coping mechanism when they are exposed to stressful events.
For example, the cat sees a stray cat in a neighbor’s backyard but cannot get to it. Failing to go on the offensive with the actual prey, the cat acts out with a family member or another animal that is within its reach.
In another research published in PLoS ONE , the authors sought to understand better the prevalence of separation-related problems in pet cats (25 ) .
The most typical behavioral signs of separation-related problems in cats analyzed in the study were the following:
- urination at inappropriate locations
- defecation at inappropriate locations, like out of the litter box
- destructive behavior
- excessive or uncontrolled vocalization or meowing
The researchers also added three categories that relate to cats’ mental states when the animals are either alone or separated from their owners.
These categories are aggressiveness, depression, and agitation-anxiety.
A questionnaire was drawn based on scientific data on separation anxiety syndrome in dogs and cats. The answers were ‘yes’ (Y) or ‘no’ (N) for each of the behavioral signs used.
Among the cats sampled, about 13% met at least one of the behavioral criteria for separation-related problems.
The authors found that destructive behavior, at 66.67%, was the most frequently reported behavior.
In contrast, 16 out of 30 cats exhibited depression-apathy. Aggressiveness was reported at 36.67%, or 11 out of 30 cats.
Strategies to prevent or reduce stress and anxiety in cats include removing the stressors or things that cause them anxiety in their environment.
Meanwhile, CBD oil may help reduce stress and anxiety, as some studies show.
A 2018 study in Frontiers in Immunology showed CBD as a potential remedy to post-traumatic stress and depression (26 ) .
In the study, the authors examined the clinical and experimental use of CBD. They noted that CBD possessed anti-anxiety, antipsychotic (calming), and neuroprotective (protects nerve cells) properties .
CBD’s therapeutic uses as an anti-anxiety-like and antidepressant-like compound were also noted in a study in CNS and Neurological Disorders – Drug Targets (27 ) .
Although the studies mentioned were conducted on rats and mice, the similar ways by which the ECS functions in all mammals may translate to comparable benefits for cats.
Owners looking to manage their cat’s aggression by reducing its anxiety and stress may want to consider CBD as a safe and non-toxic alternative to pharmaceuticals.
How CBD Works to Help With Aggression in Cats
CBD and other cannabinoids interrelate with the body’s ECS. These cannabinoids, acting as neurotransmitters, help carry messages between cells.
Two types of receptors are also present in the endocannabinoid system: the CB1 and CB2 receptors.
In cats, CB1 receptors are mostly found in the brain and nervous system. The CB2 receptors, meanwhile, are dominant in the immune cells and peripheral organs.
Many cannabinoids interact with both CB1 and CB2 receptors, meaning a single compound can provide several positive benefits.
CB1 receptors play a role in appetite, motor regulation, pain sensation, mood, memory processing, and sleep (28 ) .
Meanwhile, CB2 receptors, when activated, stimulate a response that combats inflammation, reducing pain and damage to tissues (29 ) .
These pain regulation and anti-inflammatory responses may help improve a cat’s well-being and health conditions, which may prevent aggressive behavior.
The Pros and Cons of CBD for Cats
- The endocannabinoid system (ECS) and cannabinoid receptors present in all mammals function similarly (30 ) . Thus, CBD’s potential benefits, as shown in human and animal studies, may also work in cats.
- CBD is not an addictive compound (31 ) , making CBD oil safe for cats when administered in veterinarian-approved doses.
- Hemp-derived CBD cat products are readily available and accessible without a prescription in many countries.
- High-quality CBD oil for humans may be safe to give to cats. Still, many reputable CBD manufacturers include CBD cat products in their product line. CBD cat products may come in different forms, such as tinctures or drops, CBD cat treats (soft chews or bites), capsules, and salves.
- The United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) has not received reports of adverse events associated with animals given cannabis products (32 ) . The only reports received were of accidental ingestion of cannabis by pets.
- No extensive studies have been conducted on CBD for specific use in cat aggression. There are no reports of CBD’s long-term effects on cats.
- The FDA, to date, has not approved any cannabis products for use in animals. Before trying CBD for aggression in cats, the agency strongly recommends consulting a veterinarian to explore different treatment options (33 ) .
- The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) still lists CBD as a Schedule I controlled substance (34 ) . Drugs or substances categorized as Schedule I have no currently accepted medicinal use but have a high potential for abuse (35 ) .
- Except in California, veterinarians are not legally authorized to discuss cannabis with their clients. Thus, vets fall behind in working with cannabis plants and exploring their use in pets (36 ) .
- CBD may cause drug interactions with other prescription medications currently taken by the cat. The side effects of CBD include diarrhea, dry mouth, fatigue, and reduced appetite (37 ) .
How CBD Compares to Alternative Treatments for Cat Aggression
Among the general principles used to manage all types of feline aggression, early diagnosis and intervention are the most effective (38 ) .
The other alternative options for dealing with aggression involves the following:
- Avoiding situations that make a cat aggressive
- Separating cats that act aggressively toward each other and slowly reintroducing positive reinforcement
- Refraining from giving any form of physical punishment, which may only increase a cat’s fear or anxiety, making aggression worse
- Giving medications in combination with behavioral or environmental changes
- Giving food treats as positive enforcers of non-aggressive behavior
Consulting with a veterinary behaviorist is necessary if aggression still cannot be controlled using the techniques outlined above.
Note that certain medications can impact a cat’s mood and affect its susceptibility to aggression. Even diet has been implicated as a potential contributing factor (39 ) .
In giving food treats to aggressive cats, CBD cat treats may be an excellent option.
With CBD’s therapeutic benefits, as shown in the studies mentioned previously, CBD cat treats may be useful as positive enforcers of a cat’s calm demeanor.
CBD is generally safe (40 ) and non-addictive (41 ) . CBD cat treats may be used regularly for chronically-aggressive and stressed cats or when needed.
Cat treats with full-spectrum CBD are most beneficial for aggression in cats. Full-spectrum CBD contains increased concentrations of fatty acids, like Omega-3 and Omega-6.
Studies show that Omega-3 fatty acids can help alleviate stress (42 ) , making it potentially useful in keeping cats calm.
How to Choose the Best CBD Oil Products for Cats
CBD oil, a potent Cannabis Sativa extract, may be derived from either the hemp plant or marijuana plant (also called cannabis).
CBD extracts may come in the form of full-spectrum CBD. This type of CBD oil contains all of the cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, essential vitamins, fatty acids (like omega-3 and omega-6), and other compounds naturally present in cannabis.
Terpenes are the compounds naturally present in cannabis that give the plant its unique aromas and flavors. Flavonoids give plants their vivid colors.
On the other hand, broad-spectrum CBD oils are much like full-spectrum oils but without the THC content.
At most, broad-spectrum oils contain only trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%), making them ideal for those who do not want THC’s psychoactive effects.
CBD isolates, meanwhile, contain only pure cannabidiol. This form allows the user to customize the amount of CBD oil added to their daily routine
Whatever type of oil cat owners choose, they should insist only on high-quality CBD oil for cats to ensure its potency and reliability.
The following tips are useful for cat owners looking to try CBD for their cat.
- Buy only hemp-derived CBD oil that is guaranteed organic and non-GMO. Reputable CBD brands grow their hemp from their farms, or they source their hemp only from licensed producers.
- Check state laws. While medical cannabis (medical marijuana) is legal in many states, it is still illegal at the federal level. Meanwhile, CBD is legally available in most states as long as it contains no more than 0.3% THC.
- Look for CBD cat products that used the CO2 extraction method. This technique uses pressurized carbon dioxide to produce hemp extracts that contain all the essential compounds from the hemp plant effectively and safely.
- Ensure that the cat CBD hemp oil brand uses only natural carrier oils. Examples of natural carrier oils are hemp seed oil, MCT oil (medium-chain triglycerides from coconut oil), and extra-virgin olive oil.
- Ask for third-party lab results or the certificate of analysis (COA) of each product. The COA lists all the other active cannabinoids contained in a product and indicates whether or not it contains other additives, preservatives, or contaminants.
- Follow the manufacturer’s dosing instructions, as indicated on the product label. More importantly, before giving CBD to cats, seek the advice of a veterinarian.
CBD Dosage for Aggression in Cats
The most significant safety consideration when administering CBD oil to cats is dosage .
Knowing the right dosage for a cat’s specific condition, reading the information that comes with the product label, and consulting with a veterinarian ensure the safety of furry friends.
How much CBD oil to administer depends on the cat’s age, body weight, diet, and health condition.
Unfortunately, there has not been any standard recommended dose for any ailments or conditions, in both humans and animals.
Also, different brands of pet CBD oil for dogs and cats recommend different dosing guidelines. M ost manufacturers give dose values in ranges.
Holistapet , for example, has its vet-approved CBD dosing guidelines for cats and dogs. The company recommends between 0.25 mg of CBD (considered a regular dose) to 0.5 mg of CBD (a strong dose) for every pound of pet body weight (43 ) .
A regular dose is recommended for a cat’s daily health and wellness, minor aches and pains, minor skin conditions, and for boosting the immune system function.
This dose is also ideal for relieving cat allergies, stimulating appetite, and reducing inflammation.
A strong dose is recommended for a cat’s chronic pain, severe arthritis and joint inflammation, mobility issues, and epileptic seizures.
This dose is also appropriate when treating cancer-related symptoms, tumors, extreme nausea, vomiting, and severe anxiety in cats.
As for the dosing frequency, the guidelines indicate that for pain and inflammation, the suggested dose should be given every eight hours, or as needed.
It is recommended that CBD be given 30 minutes before a stressful event (like fireworks, long trips, going to a crowded and noisy place) to control anxiety.
For all other uses, the chart recommends administering CBD once to twice a day.
Meanwhile, the typical recommendation among different manufacturers is 1 to 5 mg of CBD for every 10 lbs of a cat’s body weight.
When starting to introduce CBD oils into a cat’s routine, start with a low dose, or even err on the side of underdosing.
From a low dose, gradually increase it until the desired effects are achieved. In the case of aggression in cats, increase the amount of CBD oil in slow increments until the cat shows a positive response and begins to calm down.
How CBD Oil Can Be Administered to Cats
CBD oil for cats often comes in a liquid or tincture form. Most tinctures are in a bottle with a dropper, allowing for accurate dosage and control.
Cat owners can slowly introduce CBD, drop by drop, into their cat’s diet, using tinctures.
Tinctures can also be administered sublingually by placing a few drops under the cat’s tongue.
CBD can also be absorbed through the cat’s gums. The oil can be administered by lifting the cat’s lip and applying it onto the gums with a fingertip.
If the cat is not calm enough for this type of administration, the owner can still give CBD orally by adding CBD tinctures or sprinkling the CBD capsules’ contents onto the cat’s food and drink.
Cat owners may also use CBD cat treats as enforcers of positive, non-aggressive behavior in cats.
For nursing a cat’s pain due to inflammation or other diseases, CBD topicals, like balms, salves, and tinctures may also help.
When the pet is in a calm state, massaging these products onto its body can add relaxation.
Massage can help free up stiff joints, soothe joint pains, and promote healing by encouraging circulation to affected areas.
More importantly, a cat owner’s massage therapy to its cat can also help strengthen the bond between them.
CBD topicals may be applied transdermally to the cat’s bare skin inside its ears, or on its paws to lick.
Topical CBD products are also excellent for managing a cat’s rashes, seasonal allergies, or muscle pains.
CBD topicals are a straightforward way of targeting a specific area of the body. Also, they are conveniently used whenever needed.
Keeping a journal of the cat’s CBD dosing, reactions, and behavior is an excellent way of recording essential health details.
Remember to share this information with the vet in charge of the cat’s therapy.
A Closer Look at Aggression in Cats
The first step in managing aggression in cats is making sure the cat does not have underlying health issues that may be causing aggressive behavior (44 ) .
Diseases, like feline hyperthyroidism, central nervous system problems, osteoarthritis, and dental disease, may cause aggression.
Cat owners may sometimes try to manage their cat’s aggressive behavior through simple behavioral or environmental changes.
However, they should first take their pet to the vet for a complete diagnosis. Once the veterinarian has ruled out medical issues, identifying the type of aggression is the next step to understand its cause better and to develop a plan for intervention.
Other Types of Cat Aggression
Young cats and kittens that did not grow with littermates, or lacked the opportunities to play with other cats, most commonly show play aggression.
Cats that were raised alone may not have had the chance to learn that biting or scratching too hard is not right.
Preempt the aggression by distracting the cat with active play, or denying access to places that encourage the behavior.
A bell on its collar may help signal a cat’s whereabouts before and during a display of aggressive behavior.
Cats demonstrating fear aggression may flatten their ears against their heads, hiss and bare their teeth, and crouch low to the ground.
Their tail may be tucked under their body, and their fur may stand on end.
Fear aggression occurs when a cat sees an unfamiliar stimulus or target, such as a human stranger in the house, an animal or pet, or when it suddenly hears a noise.
Cats also manifest aggression when exposed to experiences it associates with fearful or unpleasant events, such as a visit to the veterinarian, or being mishandled by someone.
Some cats may suddenly exhibit aggression when petted. The reason for this reaction remains mostly unclear.
However, possible explanations include overstimulation, which the cats may resent. Also, the cat may be trying to exercise control when it wants the petting to end.
Even routine activities, like grooming, bathing, and nail trimming, can also cause this type of aggressive behavior.
In many cases, the cat shows dilation of its pupils, tail lashing, and movement of its ears backward on the head before becoming aggressive.
Cats are known to establish and protect their territories. They may show aggressive behavior when encountering new cats, other animals, or people to make an impression and defend their domain.
This type of aggression usually takes the form of chasing, swatting, and attacking the person or animal perceived as a trespasser.
Cats that have recently given birth and are currently nursing kittens are more likely to exhibit maternal aggression to anyone who comes near them.
For these queens, owners should provide a safe, quiet, low-stress environment, far from visitors, especially strangers.
Maternal aggression usually subsides as the kittens get older and become more independent.
Research has shown that CBD is safe to use on cats to help address aggression. CBD’s health benefits may be useful in dealing with diseases or symptoms that may cause aggression in cats, such as stress and anxiety, pain, and inflammation.
However, CBD’s effectiveness in treating any medical condition or behavior problem, like aggression in cats, has not yet been proven. Also, CBD’s long-term effects on animals and humans are still unknown.
Until more research has been done providing substantial scientific evidence of CBD use for cat aggression, cat owners should proceed with caution.
Consulting with a veterinarian experienced in cannabis use is ideal before giving CBD oil products to cats.